Emerging & re-emerging infections in India: an overview

T. Dikid, S.K. Jain, A. Sharma, A. Kumar and J.P. Narain; Indian J Med Res. Jul 2013; 138(1): 19–31.

Abstract

The incidence of emerging infectious diseases in humans has increased within the recent past or threatens to increase in the near future. Over 30 new infectious agents have been detected worldwide in the last three decades; 60 per cent of these are of zoonotic origin. Click here to read further

Chikungunya: A Potentially Emerging Epidemic?

Michelle M. Thiboutot, Senthil Kannan, Omkar U. Kawalekar, Devon J. Shedlock, Amir S. Khan, Gopalsamy Sarangan, Padma Srikanth, David B. Weiner, and Karuppiah Muthumani; PLoS Negl Trop Dis. Apr 2010; 4(4): e623.

Abstract

Chikungunya virus is a mosquito-borne emerging pathogen that has a major health impact in humans and causes fever disease, headache, rash, nausea, vomiting, myalgia, and arthralgia. Indigenous to tropical Africa, recent large outbreaks have been reported in parts of South East Asia and several of its neighboring islands in 2005–07 and in Europe in 2007. Furthermore, positive cases have been confirmed in the United States in travelers returning from known outbreak areas. Currently, there is no vaccine or antiviral treatment. With the threat of an emerging global pandemic, the peculiar problems associated with the more immediate and seasonal epidemics warrant the development of an effective vaccine. In this review, we summarize the evidence supporting these concepts. Click here to read more...